On the 23rd of September 2019, a Climate Action Summit with a slogan ‘Climate Action Summit 2019: A Race We Can Win. A Race We Must Win.’[1], will reunite international representatives of governments from all over the world. With the aim to put in place new agreements and make some changes to fight against global warming.

Why the climate action summit is hold in NY on the 23rd of September 2019?

Climate action summit on the 23rd September of 2019 is a continuation of COP 21. This Summit is in fact a reunion, to see how things changed after the Paris Agreement COP 21 and to make new ones.

To accelerate actions and implement the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, will host the 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23rd  September 2019. The Summit will demonstrate massive movements in the real economy in support of the agenda and will display a bound in collective national political ambition[2].

The consequences of climate changes and an increase of temperature are the causes of the summit. During past years, sea levels were rising, coral reefs were dying, and there is a life-threatening impact of climate change on health, through heatwaves and risks to food security[3].

What the Climate Summit is about?

The United Nations 2019 Climate Summit has a theme of ‘Climate Action Summit 2019: A Race We Can Win. A Race We Must Win.’[4]

The coalitions will focus on the following areas, social and political drivers of change, a transition to renewable energy, industry, infrastructure, cities and local action, nature-based solutions and others. The Summit will be preceded by a series of pre-Summit events.

In fact, the Summit will produce the outcomes of the Global Climate Action Summit (GCAS) and the Global Conference on Strengthening Synergies between the Paris Agreement COP 21 and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and others.

Furthermore, other events will take place after the Climate Action Summit as the 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) to the UNFCCC in December 2019.

The official schedule of the summit and how the summit will be hold?

Let us consider a schedule of the summit. It will begin earlier, on the 21th of September with a Youth Climate Summit[5]. In fact, this is a platform for young leaders, who are fighting against the global warming and for climate changes. As an example, we ca take an activist Greta Thunberg, a 16 years old girl from Sweden. She has already arrived in New York by boat to reduce a CO2 level in time for the summit[6].

 This event will take place on Saturday, the 21st of at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, as part of a weekend of events leading up to the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Action Summit on Monday, September 23[7].

The next day, the meeting will be hold by 34 CEOs from banks around the world. With the aim to sign UNEP FI’s Principles for Responsible Banking[8]. Then a Social Good Summit will be in place, with an idea to bring together global citizens to share their ideas and energy to create the better world.

On the 23th of September, in NYC Library, a Youth Summit will take place, to support young people to lead the way in transforming the purpose of business, by growing the number of global entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs for good[9].

COP 24 and what will be done in the future?

After the Paris Agreement a forward-looking policy framework sets ideas of what needs to be done to stop climate disruption and reverse its impact.

There is a reason why, the United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres is calling on all leaders to come to New York on 23 September with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions in several years, approximately by 2020. In line with reducing gas emissions by 45 per cent over the next decade, and to net zero emissions by 2050[10].

The main goal is the full transformation of economies in line with sustainable development goals by bringing governments together.

There are several action portfolios to be out in place. There is a need to take actions in different spheres as finance, energy transition, industry transition, nature-based transition, local actions and others[11].

As well as, accelerated climate solutions can strengthen our economies and create jobs, while bringing cleaner air, preserving natural habitats and biodiversity, and protecting our environment. After the Summit we will see some agreements out in place and hopefully a new program elaborated by governments to decrease a climate change.

Oleksandra Miroshnychenko
Master 1 Droit international – Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3

Footnotes 

[1] [2] https://www.un.org/en/climatechange/

[3] https://forumeteoclimat.com/en/17-goals-to-transform-our-world-un-climate-action-summit-the-23-september-2019-in-new-york/

[4] https://www.un.org/en/climatechange/

[5] https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2019/09/23/default-calendar/united-nations-climate-action-summit

[6] https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/08/1045161

[7] https://www.who.int/news-room/events/detail/2019/09/23/default-calendar/united-nations-climate-action-summit

[8] https://www.unepfi.org/banking/bankingprinciples/

[9] http://sdg.iisd.org/events/un-2019-climate-summit/

[10] https://public.wmo.int/en/un-climate-action-summit-2019

[11] https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/perspectives-on-transitions-to-sustainability/file